Vitamin K2 Holds Promise for Alzheimer's Prevention and Treatment

Nutrients. 2021 Jun 27;13(7):2206. doi: 10.3390/nu13072206.


Recent studies have highlighted the importance of vitamin K2 (VK2) in human health. However, there have been no clinical studies investigating the role of VK2 in the prevention or treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a debilitating disease for which currently there is no cure. In reviewing basic science research and clinical studies that have connected VK2 to factors involved in AD pathogenesis, we have found a growing body of evidence demonstrating that VK2 has the potential to slow the progression of AD and contribute to its prevention. In our review, we consider the antiapoptotic and antioxidant effects of VK2 and its impact on neuroinflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, cognition, cardiovascular health, and comorbidities in AD. We also examine the link between dysbiosis and VK2 in the context of the microbiome's role in AD pathogenesis. Our review is the first to consider the physiological roles of VK2 in the context of AD, and, given the recent shift in AD research toward nonpharmacological interventions, our findings emphasize the timeliness and need for clinical studies involving VK2.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; antioxidant; cognition; dementia; menaquinone; microbiome; microglia; neurodegeneration; neuroinflammation; vitamin K2.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy*
  • Alzheimer Disease / prevention & control*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Cardiovascular System
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / drug therapy
  • Microbiota
  • Microglia
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases
  • Vitamin K 1 / pharmacology
  • Vitamin K 2 / pharmacology*


  • Antioxidants
  • Vitamin K 2
  • Vitamin K 1