Myoinositol Reduces Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Human Endothelial Cells Exposed In Vivo to Chronic Hyperglycemia

Nutrients. 2021 Jun 27;13(7):2210. doi: 10.3390/nu13072210.


Myo-inositol (Myo) improves insulin resistance, glucose metabolism, and helps gestational diabetes (GDM) management. GDM is associated with a pro-inflammatory state and increased oxidative stress, which are both involved in vascular damage in diabetes. Our aim was to study Myo anti-inflammatory/antioxidant potential effects on an in vitro model of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). To this end, monocyte cell adhesion to HUVECs, adhesion molecule membrane exposure, and oxidative stress levels were determined in cells from control (C-) and GDM women treated during pregnancy either with diet only (GD-) or with diet plus Myo (GD+Myo). To deeply study the vascular effects of Myo, the same evaluations were performed in C- and GD-HUVECs following 48 h in vitro stimulation with Myo. Notably, we first observed that GD-HUVECs obtained from women assuming Myo supplementation exhibited a significantly decreased number of monocytes that adhered to endothelial cells, less adhesion molecule exposure, and lower intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in the basal state as compared to GD-HUVECs obtained from women treated by diet only. This Myo anti-inflammatory/antioxidant effect was confirmed by 48 h in vitro stimulation of GD-HUVECs as compared to controls. Altogether, these results strongly suggest that Myo may exert protective actions against chronic inflammation induced by endothelial dysfunction in diabetes.

Keywords: HUVEC; endothelial dysfunction; gestational diabetes; inositol; myoinositol.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Cell Adhesion / drug effects
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism
  • Diabetes, Gestational / metabolism
  • Female
  • Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / metabolism*
  • Inflammation / drug therapy*
  • Inositol / therapeutic use*
  • Monocytes / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Pregnancy
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • U937 Cells


  • Antioxidants
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Inositol