Development of 3D Models of Knits from Multi-Filament Ultra-Strong Yarns for Theoretical Modelling of Air Permeability

Materials (Basel). 2021 Jun 23;14(13):3489. doi: 10.3390/ma14133489.


The work is devoted to the study of the geometric parameters of a knitted loop. It has been found that the optimal model is a loop model detailed at the yarn level, which considers the change in the cross-sectional shape and sets the properties of the porous material in accordance with the internal porosity of the yarn. A mathematical description of the coordinates of the characteristic points of the loop and an algorithm for calculating the coordinates of the control vertices of the second order spline, which determine the configuration of the yarn axes in the loop, are presented in this work. To create 3D models, Autodesk AutoCAD software and Structura 3D software, developed in the AutoLisp programming language, were used. The simulation of the air flow process was carried out in the Autodesk CFD Simulation environment. For the experimental investigation, plane knits from 44 tex × 3 linear density ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene yarns were produced, and their air permeability was tested according to Standard DSTU ISO 9237:2003. The results obtained during the laboratory experiment and simulation differed by less than 5%.

Keywords: 3D model; air permeability; knit; multi-filament yarn; plain stitch; stretching.