Dissection of PIK3CA Aberration for Cervical Adenocarcinoma Outcomes

Cancers (Basel). 2021 Jun 28;13(13):3218. doi: 10.3390/cancers13133218.


Personalized treatment of genetically stratified subgroups has the potential to improve outcomes in many malignant tumors. This study distills clinically meaningful prognostic/predictive genomic marker for cervical adenocarcinoma using signature genomic aberrations and single-point nonsynonymous mutation-specific droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). Mutations in PIK3CA E542K, E545K, or H1047R were detected in 41.7% of tumors. PIK3CA mutation detected in the patient's circulating DNA collected before treatment or during follow-up was significantly associated with decreased progression-free survival or overall survival. PIK3CA mutation in the circulating DNA during follow-up after treatment predicted recurrence with 100% sensitivity and 64.29% specificity. It is the first indication of the predictive power of PIK3CA mutations in cervical adenocarcinoma. The work contributes to the development of liquid biopsies for follow up surveillance and a possibility of tailoring management of this particular women's cancer.

Keywords: PIK3CA; cervical adenocarcinoma; mutation.