Assessment of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Duration Improves Novel Biomarker Detection for Predicting Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury after Cardiovascular Surgery

J Clin Med. 2021 Jun 22;10(13):2741. doi: 10.3390/jcm10132741.


Urinary liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) is a novel biomarker with promising performance in detecting kidney injury. Previous studies reported that L-FABP showed moderate discrimination in patients that underwent cardiac surgery, and other studies revealed that longer duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was associated with a higher risk of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). This study aims to examine assessing CPB duration first, then examining L-FABP can improve the discriminatory ability of L-FABP in postoperative AKI. A total of 144 patients who received cardiovascular surgery were enrolled. Urinary L-FABP levels were examined at 4 to 6 and 16 to 18 h postoperatively. In the whole study population, the AUROC of urinary L-FABP in predicting postoperative AKI within 7 days was 0.720 at 16 to 18 h postoperatively. By assessing patients according to CPB duration, the urinary L-FABP at 16 to 18 h showed more favorable discriminating ability with AUROC of 0.742. Urinary L-FABP exhibited good performance in discriminating the onset of AKI within 7 days after cardiovascular surgery. Assessing postoperative risk of AKI through CPB duration first and then using urinary L-FABP examination can provide more accurate and satisfactory performance in predicting postoperative AKI.

Keywords: acute kidney injury; biomarker; diagnostic performance; liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP).