Typology of Family Support in Home Care for Iranian Older People: A Qualitative Study

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jun 11;18(12):6361. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18126361.


The world population is rapidly aging. In older people, age-related biological decline in most body systems causes functional decline, an increase in dependence, and an increased need for support, especially by their family members. The aim of this study was to explore the main aspects of family support for older parents in home care. This qualitative study was conducted using a deductive qualitative content analysis approach. Participants were 21 older parents living in their own homes, as well as four family members of some participants. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and then were analyzed using the primary matrix developed based on the existing literature. The main aspects of family support for older parents were grouped into five predetermined categories and one new category: "instrumental support", "financial support", "psycho-emotional support", "healthcare-related support", "informational-technological support", and "social preference support ". Family support for older people in home care is a multi-dimensional phenomenon. Family members can identify the needs of their older parents and provide them with appropriate support in collaboration with healthcare professionals to enhance their quality of life, autonomy, and satisfaction with life.

Keywords: expectations; home care; older people; parent; support.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Family
  • Home Care Services*
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of Life*