Fruit Pouch Consumption and Dietary Patterns Related to BMIz at 18 Months of Age

Nutrients. 2021 Jun 30;13(7):2265. doi: 10.3390/nu13072265.


Concerns have been raised that an overconsumption of baby food fruit pouches among toddlers might increase the risk of childhood obesity. This study aimed to quantify the consumption of fruit pouches and other fruit containing food products and to explore potential correlations between the consumption of these products and body-mass index z-score (BMIz) at 18 months, taking other predictive factors into consideration. The study was based on 1499 children and one-month-recall food frequency questionnaires from the Swedish population-based birth cohort NorthPop. Anthropometric outcome data were retrieved from child health care records. BMIz at 18 months of age was correlated to maternal BMI and gestational weight gain and inversely correlated to fruit juice consumption and breastfeeding. BMIz at 18 months of age was not correlated to consumption of fruit pouches, sugar-sweetened beverages, whole fruit or milk cereal drink. Overweight at 18 months of age was correlated to maternal BMI and inversely correlated to breastfeeding duration. To our knowledge, this is the first study that investigates possible associations between baby food fruit pouch consumption and overweight in toddlers. We found that moderate fruit pouch consumption is not associated with excess weight at 18 months of age.

Keywords: baby food pouches; breastfeeding; childhood obesity; fruit juice; fruit pouches; gestational weight gain; maternal BMI; milk cereal drink; sugar-sweetened beverages; whole fruit.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Breast Feeding
  • Diet*
  • Edible Grain
  • Educational Status
  • Family Characteristics
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Fruit and Vegetable Juices
  • Fruit*
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Milk
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Parents
  • Pregnancy
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
  • Weight Gain