Follicular lymphoma, the most common indolent lymphoma, originates from germinal centre B-cells of the lymphoid follicle, and is characterized by t(14;18). Clinical manifestations include the presence of lymphadenopathy, sometimes accompanied by constitutional symptoms or cytopenia. Diagnosis is established through the identification of a B-cell proliferation of nodular pattern in the lymph node biopsy. Upon staging with PET-CT and bone marrow biopsy, a significant proportion of patients do not need immediate treatment. When therapy is indicated, commonly used regimens include anti-CD20 immunotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Although overall survival for most patients is prolonged, relapses are very frequent, and early relapse and transformation to an aggressive lymphoma portend a much worse prognosis. New therapies are under development, which will most likely change outcomes for FL patients in the near future.
Keywords: Diagnosis; Diagnóstico; Follicular lymphoma; Immunochemotherapy; Inmunoquimioterapia; Linfoma folicular; Prognosis; Pronóstico; Tratamiento; Treatment.
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