Late onset Sandhoff disease presenting with lower motor neuron disease and stuttering

Neuromuscul Disord. 2021 Aug;31(8):769-772. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2021.04.011. Epub 2021 May 27.


Defects in the HEXB gene which encodes the β-subunit of β-hexosaminidase A and B enzymes, cause a GM2 gangliosidosis, also known as Sandhoff disease, which is a rare lysosomal storage disorder. The most common form of the disease lead to quickly progressing mental and motor decline in infancy; however there are other less severe forms with later onset that can also involve lower motor neurons. The diagnosis of this disease is based on low serum β-hexosaminidases A and B levels and confirmed using genetic test. We report two siblings with compound heterozygous HEXB mutations whose phenotype was extremely mild consisting in stuttering in both cases associated to mild proximal weakness in one of the cases, broadening the clinical spectrum of late onset Sandhoff disease.

Keywords: GM2 gangliosidosis; Lower motor neuron disease; Sandhoff disease; Whole exome sequencing.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Hexosaminidase A
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Neuron Disease / complications*
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Sandhoff Disease / diagnosis*
  • Stuttering / complications*


  • Hexosaminidase A