Comparing the effect of individual counseling with counseling on social application on self-care and quality of life of women with gestational diabetes

Prim Care Diabetes. 2021 Oct;15(5):842-847. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2021.05.009. Epub 2021 Jun 30.


Introduction: The present study aimed to compare the effect of two different forms of face-to-face and counseling on a social application, i.e., WhatsApp, on self-care and quality of life of women with gestational diabetes.

Methods: The present research was an educational trial with control group, which was conducted on diabetic women between 24 and 26 weeks of pregnancy. A total of 126 subjects were included in the study using the convenient sampling method. They were assigned into three groups. All of the participants answered the questionnaires gestational diabetes self-care, and quality of life at the beginning and end of the study. The GATHER approach to counseling (G = Greeting, A = Ask, T = Tell, H = Help, R = Return) was performed in four 45-min sessions for face-to-face and WhatsApp groups in the pregnancy weeks of 27, 28, 29, and 30. The subjects in the control group received only the routine cares for gestational diabetes. T test, Chi squared test, and ANOVA repeated measurement test were used to analyze the data.

Results: Findings showed a significant difference among the three groups in self-care and quality of life (p = 0.001). There was also a significant difference among the three groups in fasting blood sugar after the intervention (p = 0.005).

Conclusion: Self-care counseling, both in the form of face-to-face and on social networks, improved the score of self-care and quality of life as well as glucose tolerance test (GTT) in women with gestational diabetes.

Keywords: Education; Gestational diabetes; Iran; Prenatal care; Quality of life.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Counseling
  • Diabetes, Gestational* / diagnosis
  • Diabetes, Gestational* / therapy
  • Female
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Care