Permanganate release from silica-based hollow mesoporous coagulant combined with UV for spatiotemporal enrichment and degradation of diclofenac sodium

Chemosphere. 2021 Dec;284:131306. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131306. Epub 2021 Jun 22.


In this work, the novel hollow mesoporous coagulant was prepared by chitosan-polydopamine coating and permanganate loading into silica nanoparticles for investigating the simultaneous enrichment and degradation of diclofenac sodium (DCFS) combined with ultraviolet irradiation. The enrichment kinetic of DCFS was explained well with pseudo-second-order model, indicating the exist of hydrogen bonding. Based on the correlation coefficients, the enriched isotherms were fitted by models which accorded with the BET > Freundlich > Langmuir sequence. The result showed that, in addition to the coagulant and DCFS, there were aromatic stackings among DCFS molecules. Due to both effects of which, the DCFS enrichment could be realized significantly in the range of pH 4.0-9.0. It was degraded at the copresence of ultraviolet and permanganate released from coagulant in acidic aqueous medium. The release mechanism was simulated through Korsmayer-Peppas model, implying case-II transport and Fickian diffusion. Additionally, Mn (V) and •OH radicals were vital in the DCFS degradation process. The coagulant could be reloaded at least ten times and that from each cycle was used directly for DCFS removal for six times without rinse process, which provided a potential application in environmental remediation.

Keywords: Aromatic stacking; Diclofenac sodium; Hollow mesoporous coagulant; Hydrogen bonding; Hydroxyl radicals; Mn(V).

MeSH terms

  • Diclofenac*
  • Manganese Compounds
  • Oxides
  • Silicon Dioxide*


  • Manganese Compounds
  • Oxides
  • permanganic acid
  • Diclofenac
  • Silicon Dioxide