Lipofilling may constitute a technique to assist reconstruction of breasts following prophylactic mastectomy for patients with mutated BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes. However, to date it is not clear whether adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) increase the risk of tumor initiation and progression in this situation. Therefore, the interactions of BRCA1 mutated breast cancer cell lines with normal ADSCs were investigated in the present study. Characteristics of MDA-MB-436 (BRCA1 c.5277 + 1G > A) and HCC1937 (BRCA1 p.Gln1756.Profs*74) were compared to MDA-MB-231 and T47D BRCA1/2 wild-type breast cancer cell lines. ADSCs were cultivated from lipoaspirates of a panel of BRCA1/2- wildtype patients. Interactions of conditioned medium (CM) of these cells with the breast cancer lines were studied using proliferation and migration assays as well as adipokine expression western blot arrays. CM of ADSCs exhibit a dose-dependent stimulation of the proliferation of the breast cancer cell lines. However, of the ADSC preparations tested, only 1 out of 18 samples showed a significant higher stimulation of BRCA1-mutated MDA-MB-436 versus wildtype MDA-MB-231 cells, and all CM revealed lower stimulatory activity for BRCA1-mutated HCC1937 versus wildtype T47D cells. Additionally, migration of breast cancer cells in response to CM of ADSCs proved to be equivalent or slower for BRCA1/2 mutated versus nonmutated cancer cells and, with exception of angiopoietin-like 2, induced expression of adipokines showed no major difference. Effects of media conditioned by normal ADSCs showed largely comparable effects on BRCA1-mutated and wildtype breast cancer cell lines thus advocating lipofilling, preferentially employing allogeneic non-mutated ADSCs.
Keywords: Adipose-derived stromal cells; BRCA1 mutation; Breast cancer; Lipofilling; Migration; Proliferation.
© 2021. The Author(s).