Comorbidities and the risk of death among individuals infected by COVID-19 in Espírito Santo, Brazil

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2021 Jul 2;54:e01382021. doi: 10.1590/0037-8682-0138-2021. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

Introduction: We investigated the association of self-reported comorbidities with fatality risk among individuals infected with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Espírito Santo State, Brazil.

Methods: We included 212,620 individuals, ≥30 years old. The data were obtained from the COVID-19 panel. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression model were used.

Results: COVID-19-positive individuals presenting with chronic conditions were at a higher risk of fatality than individuals without these comorbidities. Age had a significant effect on these relationships.

Conclusions: Comorbidities were associated with an increased risk of fatality. Middle-aged people (30-59 years) with comorbidities should also be considered as a vulnerable group.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • COVID-19*
  • Comorbidity
  • Environment
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • SARS-CoV-2