Virtual and Augmented Reality in Cardiac Surgery

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg. 2022 Mar 10;37(1):123-127. doi: 10.21470/1678-9741-2020-0511.


Virtual and augmented reality can be defined as a three-dimensional real-world simulation allowing the user to directly interact with it. Throughout the years, virtual reality has gained great popularity in medicine and is currently being adopted for a wide range of purposes. Due to its dynamic anatomical nature, permanent drive towards decreasing invasiveness, and strive for innovation, cardiac surgery depicts itself as a unique environment for virtual reality. Despite substantial research limitations in cardiac surgery, the current literature has shown great applicability of this technology, and promising opportunities.

Keywords: Augmented Reality; Cardiac Surgical Procedures; Medicine; Technology; Virtual Reality.

MeSH terms

  • Augmented Reality*
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Thoracic Surgery*
  • Virtual Reality*