HapWheel: In-Car Infotainment System Feedback Using Haptic and Hovering Techniques

IEEE Trans Haptics. 2022 Jan-Mar;15(1):121-130. doi: 10.1109/TOH.2021.3095763. Epub 2022 Mar 18.


In-car devices are growing both in complexity and capacity, integrating functionalities that used to be divided among other controls in the vehicles. These systems appear increasingly in the form of touchscreens as a cost-saving measure. Screens lack the physicality of traditional buttons or switches, requiring drivers to look away from the road to operate them. This paper presents the design, implementation, and two studies that evaluated HapWheel, a system that provides the driver with haptic feedback in the steering wheel while interacting with an Infotainment System. Results show that the proposed system reduced both the duration of and the number of times a driver looked away from the road. HapWheel was also successful at reducing the number of mistakes during the interaction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Automobile Driving*
  • Automobiles*
  • Feedback
  • Humans