Mortality and health care burden of Budd Chiari syndrome in the United States: A nationwide analysis (1998-2017)

World J Hepatol. 2021 Jun 27;13(6):686-698. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v13.i6.686.

Abstract

Background: The Budd Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare and potentially fatal disease, but there is a paucity of data on the in- hospital mortality as well its economic burden on the health care system.

Aim: To evaluate trends in mortality, length of hospital stays and resource utilization among inpatients with BCS.

Methods: Data on all adult patients with a diagnosis of BCS were extracted from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 1998 to 2017. To make inferences regarding the national estimates for the total number of BCS discharges across the study period, sample weights were applied to each admission per recommendations from the NIS.

Results: During the study period, there were 3591 (8.73%) in-patient deaths. The overall in-hospital mortality rates among BCS patients decreased from 18% in 1998 to 8% in 2017; the mortality decreased by 4.41% (P < 0.0001) every year. On multivariate analysis, older age, higher comorbidity score, acute liver failure, acute kidney injury, acute respiratory failure, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, inferior vena cava thrombosis, intestinal infarct, sepsis/septic shock and cancer were associated increased risk of mortality. The average of length of stay was 8.8 d and it consistently decreased by 2.04% (95%CI: -2.67%, -1.41%, P < 0.001) from 12.7 d in 1998 to 7.6 d in 2017.The average total charges after adjusted for Medical Care Consumers Price Index to 2017 dollars during the time period was $94440 and the annual percentage change increased by 1.15% (95%CI: 0.35%, 1.96%, P = 0.005) from $95515 in 1998 to $103850 in 2017.

Conclusion: The in-hospital mortality rate for patients admitted with BCS in the United States has reduced between 1998 and 2017 and this may a reflection of better management of these patients.

Keywords: Budd Chiari syndrome; Length of stay; Mortality; National Inpatient Sample; Total charges.