Background: Peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) are an antioxidant enzymes protein family involved in several biological functions such as differentiation, cell growth. In addition, previous studies report that PRDXs play critical roles in the occurrence and development of carcinomas. However, few studies have conducted systematic analysis of PRDXs in cancers. Therefore, the present study sought to explore the molecular characteristics and potential clinical significance of PRDX family members in pan cancer and further validate the function of PRDX6 in bladder urothelial carcinoma (BLCA).
Methods: A comprehensive analysis of PRDXs in 33 types of cancer was performed based on the TCGA database. This involved an analysis of mRNA expression profiles, genetic alterations, methylation, prognostic values, potential biological pathways and target drugs. Moreover, both the gain and loss of function strategies were used to assess the importance and mechanism of PRDX6 in the cell cycle of BLCA.
Result: Analysis showed abnormal expression of PRDX1-6 in several types of cancer compared to normal tissues. Univariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that expression levels of PRDX1, PRDX4 and PRDX6 were mostly associated with poor survival of OS, DSS and PFI, and PRDX2 and PRDX3 with favorable survival. In addition, the expression of PRDX genes were positively correlated with CNV and negatively with methylation. Moreover, analysis based on PharmacoDB dataset showed that the augmented levels of PRDX1, PRDX3 and PRDX6 were significantly correlated with EGFR/VEGFR inhibitor drugs. Furthermore, knocking down of PRDX6 inhibited growth of cancer cells through the JAK2-STAT3 in bladder cell lines.
Conclusions: PRDXs are potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for several carcinomas, especially for BLCA. In addition, PRDX6 could regulate proliferation of cancer cell via JAK2-STAT3 pathway and involve into the process of cell cycle in BLCA.
Keywords: Bladder cancer; JAK2-STAT3; PRDX6; Pan-cancer; Peroxiredoxins.
© 2021. The Author(s).