Cisplatin decreases HOXA13 and alphaVBeta3 integrin levels in the uterus

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Jul;60(4):728-733. doi: 10.1016/j.tjog.2021.05.025.

Abstract

Objective: To examine the effects of cisplatin on uterine histology and implantation molecules and the possible protective role of recombinant Klotho administration on uterine histology and uterine receptivity in mice exposed to cisplatin.

Materials and methods: This study was conducted using thirty-two adult female mice assigned to four groups with 8 mice in each group. Saline was given to the 1st group, cisplatin to the 2nd group, recombinant mouse Klotho to the 3rd group and recombinant mouse Klotho plus cisplatin to the 4th group. Uterine tissues were examined for damage histologically and immunobiologically for the uterine receptivity markers HOXA13 and alphaVBeta3 integrin.

Results: Apoptosis, degeneration, decrease in uterine thickness and uterine absence of gland scores were higher in the cisplatin group (3rd group) compared to the saline group (1st group) (cisplatin vs. saline p < 0.0001 for all parameters). In the recombinant Klotho plus cisplatin group (4th group), scores of apoptosis, degeneration, reduction in uterine thickness and uterine absence of gland were lower than the group receiving only cisplatin (cisplatin plus recombinant Klotho vs cisplatin, p = 0.006 for apoptosis; p = 0.017 for degeneration; p = 0.011 for the reduction in uterine thickness; p = 0.002 for the absence of gland). However, HOXA13 and alphaVBeta3 integrin staining levels were not different between the cisplatin group (group 3) and the cisplatin plus recombinant Klotho group (group 4) (p = 0.980 and p = 0.762, respectively.) CONCLUSION: Cisplatin has adverse effects on the uterus. Administration of recombinant Klotho was found to attenuate the cisplatin-induced damage but failed to preserve levels of the implantation molecules HOXA13 and alphaVbeta3. Further studies examining the effect of cisplatin toxicity using other implantation markers along with functional studies are needed.

Keywords: AlphaVbeta3; Cisplatin; Endometrial receptivity; HOXA13; Klotho.