Konnyaku jelly: A quick preparation and cost effective ultrasound-guided IV phantom model

J Vasc Access. 2021 Jul 12;11297298211030814. doi: 10.1177/11297298211030814. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Clinicians commonly place ultrasound-guided intravenous catheters in peripheral veins for the diagnostic and therapeutic treatments of patients. This procedural skill requires practice and static phantom models are a commonly used education tool. Several commercial models that simulate blood vessels within tissue are available; however, they can be expensive. There are many examples of "Do-It-Yourself" models proposed; however, many of these require time to create the model. Mixing water and gelatin to make a gelatinous material, and the time necessary to set and store the phantom may deter people from pursuing these options. We propose Konnyaku jelly, or "yam cake," found in many Asian grocery stores, as the substrate to create a phantom model. When imaging with ultrasound, this model is similar to commercially available models, however the cost is less than $3.00 and preparation is about 5 min. We believe that Konnyaku jelly should be a more generally accepted homemade static model for phantom preparation.

Keywords: Konnyaku; Konnyaku jelly; Ultrasound; medical education; simulation; ultrasound guided peripheral IV; ultrasound model; ultrasound phantom; vascular access.