The effectiveness of mineralized plasmatic matrix in the closure of alveolar clefts with volumetric assessment

Regen Med Res. 2021;9:1. doi: 10.1051/rmr/210004. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of mineralized plasmatic matrix in the soft tissue closure of naso-alveolar fistula, to estimate the postoperative bone fill and volume of the graft placed in the alveolar cleft defect using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) at 3rd- month and 6th- month.

Material and methods: 10 patients, in the age group of 15‑30 years were included in this study. They were diagnosed with unilateral cleft lip and alveolus defects with or without a cleft palate requiring late secondary alveolar bone grafting. Alveolar cleft defects were closed with mineralized plasmatic matrix (MPM), a combination of autogenous iliac bone graft and platelet rich plasma (PRP) and platelet rich fibrin (PRF).

Results: The mean defect volume pre-operatively is 0.75 cm3 and at the end of 3rd-month postoperatively is 0.51 cm3 and at 6th-month postoperatively is 0.27 cm3. The average percentage of bone fill between preoperative (A) & 3th- month postoperatively (B) is 33.4% and between 3rd-month (B) and 6th-month post operatively (C) is 49.5%.

Conclusions: Utilization of this new matrix (MPM), has shown to be effective in the closure of the cleft defect, oro-nasal fistula and also reduction in the volume of the residual cleft defect seen with sequential cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) radiographs.

Keywords: Alveolar cleft defects; Oro-Nasal Fistula; PRF; PRP; SABG; volumetric assessment.