Sustained adrenergic stimulation by norepinephrine (NE) contributes to ovarian carcinoma metastasis and impairment of chemotherapy response. Although the effect of sustained NE stimulation in cancer progression is well established, less is known about its role in cancer initiation. To determine the extent to which stress hormones influence ovarian cancer initiation, we conducted a long-term (> 3 months; > 40 population doublings) experiment in which normal immortalized fallopian tube secretory (iFTSEC283) and ovarian surface epithelial (iOSE11) cell lines and their isogenic pairs containing a p53 mutation (iFTSEC283p53R175H; iOSE11p53R175H), were continuously exposed to NE (100 nM, 1 μM, 10 μM). Fallopian tube cells displayed a p53-independent increase in proliferation and colony-forming ability in response to NE, while ovarian surface epithelial cells displayed a p53-independent decrease in both assays. Fallopian tube cells with mutant p53 showed a mild loss of chromosomes and TP53 status was also a defining factor in transcriptional response of fallopian tube cells to long-term NE treatment.
© 2021. The Author(s).