Genetic Susceptibility of DCC Gene in Gallbladder Cancer in Kashmir and Meta-Analysis

Nutr Cancer. 2022;74(3):947-955. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2021.1949728. Epub 2021 Jul 14.


Deleted in colorectal carcinoma (DCC) A > G (rs714) is the most widely studied SNP of tumor suppressor DCC gene found to be associated with increased risk of various cancers. Therefore, the aim of present case control study was to investigate the role of DCC A > G (rs714) in gallbladder cancer (GBC) in Kashmir and to conduct a meta-analysis of DCC A > G (rs714) polymorphism to demonstrate the more accurate strength of these associations. Genotyping was done by PCR/RFLP and confirmed by sequencing in 100 GBC cases, and 150 controls. We also performed a comprehensive meta-analysis of 2223 subjects (1118 cases and 1105 controls) to evaluate the association between DCC A > G (rs714) polymorphisms and cancer. In present case control study DCC A > G (rs714) genotypes did not modulate the GBC cancer risk. Meta-analysis results showed that DCC A > G (rs714) is associated with increased overall cancer risk. DCC A > G (rs714) polymorphism conferred significant risk for cancer in dominant model but in recessive model P-value was at borderline. DCC A > G (rs714) genotype was associated with increased risk of cancer in Asians and Kashmiri population whereas no such association was observed in Europeans. The evidence in this meta-analysis supports a modest involvement of DCC A > G (rs714) tumoursupressor pathway genes in cancer susceptibility.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Case-Control Studies
  • DCC Receptor / genetics
  • Gallbladder Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Gallbladder Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Genes, DCC
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Risk Factors


  • DCC Receptor
  • DCC protein, human