Inherited polyposis syndromes are predominantly caused by pathogenic variants in APC and are linked to familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). However, after clinical screening, 20%-30% of individuals diagnosed with FAP do not carry a pathogenic variant in APC (often categorised as FAP-like). Other known inherited adenomatous polyposis syndromes such as MUTYH, POLD1/E, or NTHL1-associated polyposis only account for, 3 a fraction of the remaining cases. A cohort of 48 individuals clinically diagnosed with a FAP-like phenotype was selected based on a strong family history of colorectal cancer and no previous pathogenic variant found in APC and/or MUTYH, by genetic screening. Using whole exome sequencing, FAP-like patients were found to carry pathogenic variants in MUTYH, APC, POLE and TP53, as well as DNA-repair genes and inflammation related genes. Additionally, a comprehensive assessment of copy number variation revealed two loci of interest that appeared to be associated with polyposis risk. In total, 6 out of 48 polyposis were explained through re-sequencing. This study highlights the potential role of DNA-repair as well as inflammation-related variants towards polyp development.
Keywords: colorectal cancer; familial cancer; inherited cancer; polyposis; sequencing.
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons A/S . Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.