A phase 1 study of LY3076226, a fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) antibody-drug conjugate, in patients with advanced or metastatic cancer

Invest New Drugs. 2021 Dec;39(6):1613-1623. doi: 10.1007/s10637-021-01146-x. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Abstract

Background We report a Phase 1 study of LY3076226, an antibody-drug conjugate composed of human IgG1 monoclonal antibody against the human FGFR3 attached with a cleavable linker to the maytansine derivative DM4 in patients with advanced or metastatic cancer. Methods This study was comprised of two parts: (A) dose escalation in patients with advanced or metastatic cancer and (B) dose expansion in patients with urothelial carcinoma with locally determined FGFR3 alterations. The dose range of LY3076226 tested was 0.2-5.0 mg/kg as an intravenous infusion on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. The primary objective was to determine a recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). Results Twenty-five patients were enrolled (Part A: 22, Part B: 3) and received ≥ 1 dose of LY3076226. No dose-limiting toxicities were reported. LY3076226 was generally well tolerated; most of the toxicities were Grade 1 or 2. Two patients experienced treatment-related Grade 3 toxicity (embolism and decreased platelet count). Four patients experienced serious adverse events (not treatment-related), all in Part A. Dose-proportional exposure was observed, with an estimated half-life of 2-7 days. No responses were seen with LY3076226 treatment. Stable disease persisting for > 6 months was observed in 1 patient receiving 3.2 mg/kg of LY3076226. Conclusion The study demonstrates acceptable safety and tolerability of LY3076226 up to the 5.0 mg/kg dose. Recruitment was stopped due to pipeline prioritization. Dose escalation of LY3076226 beyond 5.0 mg/kg in patients with advanced tumors may be possible. The trial was registered on August 19, 2015 under identifier NCT02529553 with ClinicalTrials.gov.

Keywords: Advanced cancer; Antibody–drug conjugate; Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3; LY3076226; Metastatic cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02529553