Introducing the 4Ps Model of Transitioning to Distance Learning: A convergent mixed methods study conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic

PLoS One. 2021 Jul 15;16(7):e0253662. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0253662. eCollection 2021.


Significant concern has been raised regarding the effect of COVID-19 on medical education. This study aimed to shed light on the distance learning experiences of medical students and their instructors at the Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences (MBRU) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. A convergent mixed methods approach was utilized. Qualitative and quantitative data was collected using a survey of closed-ended followed by open-ended questions. The percentage of the total average of satisfaction among stakeholders was 76.4%. The qualitative analysis led to developing the 4Ps Model of Transitioning to Distance Learning, which encapsulates four interrelated themes. It would be helpful to leverage the lessons learned to tailor blended medical programs with a reasonable mélange of experiences. The study also contributes to the mixed methods research by showcasing a means of adapting it to evaluate critical situations reliably and rapidly.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude
  • COVID-19 / epidemiology*
  • Computer-Assisted Instruction / methods
  • Education, Distance / methods*
  • Education, Medical / methods*
  • Humans
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Students, Medical / psychology
  • Students, Medical / statistics & numerical data

Grant support

The authors received no specific funding for this work.