Differentiable model-based adaptive optics for two-photon microscopy

Opt Express. 2021 Jul 5;29(14):21418-21427. doi: 10.1364/OE.424344.


Aberrations limit scanning fluorescence microscopy when imaging in scattering materials such as biological tissue. Model-based approaches for adaptive optics take advantage of a computational model of the optical setup. Such models can be combined with the optimization techniques of machine learning frameworks to find aberration corrections, as was demonstrated for focusing a laser beam through aberrations onto a camera [Opt. Express2826436 (26436)10.1364/OE.403487]. Here, we extend this approach to two-photon scanning microscopy. The developed sensorless technique finds corrections for aberrations in scattering samples and will be useful for a range of imaging application, for example in brain tissue.