HIV residual risk in Canada for apheresis source plasma donation without deferral for men who have sex with men

Vox Sang. 2022 Feb;117(2):201-207. doi: 10.1111/vox.13176. Epub 2021 Jul 15.


Background and objectives: In Canada, men having sex with men (MSM) are deferred for 3 months from last sexual contact to reduce human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk to recipients. The aim of this paper was to model the Canadian residual risk of HIV-positive source plasma incorporating pathogen inactivation (PI) under no MSM deferral scenarios for apheresis plasma donations.

Materials and methods: A combined Bayesian network (BN) and Monte Carlo approach were implemented to estimate the HIV residual risk under 3-month deferral compared with no deferral without quarantine scenarios for MSM donors. Models involve the stochastic generation of donation and its infection status based on its corresponding simulated donor profile. Viral load reduction conferred by PI used by source plasma fractionators was simulated. Model parameters were derived from Héma-Québec and Canadian Blood Services data, viral loads in a large sample of HIV-positive US blood donors, CSL Behring documentation and from published data.

Results: In the most likely scenario for the 3-month deferral model, there were 2.71 positive donations per 1,000,000 donations (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.63-2.78). For the no-deferral model, there were 3.01 positive donations per 1,000,000 donations (95% CI 2.94-3.09). For both scenarios, the risk of having an infectious pool was 0 in 300,000 pools (95% CI 0-0.0000123) after consideration of PI.

Conclusion: Based on simulation results, there would be a negligible HIV residual risk associated with the removal of a time-based MSM deferral without quarantine for source plasma incorporating PI.

Keywords: Canada; HIV; MSM; deferral; pathogen inactivation technology; residual risk.

MeSH terms

  • Bayes Theorem
  • Blood Component Removal*
  • Canada
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*