Management of Malignant Chest Wall Tumors

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2021 Jul;30(7):833-836. doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2021.07.833.

Abstract

Objective: To analyse the malignant chest wall tumors in terms of histological types and confer option for resection, stabilisation and reconstruction, along with postoperative morbidity and mortality.

Study design: Observational study.

Place and duration of study: Department of Thoracic Surgery, CMH Rawalpindi, Lahore and Multan from January, 2010 to October, 2018.

Methodology: Patients who had histologically proven malignant tumors of chest wall and breast with bone involvement, and required resection, stabilisation, mesh reinforcement and muscle flap reconstruction, were included. Small soft tissue tumors without bony involvement which did not require reconstruction, primary tumors of spine, pancoast tumors and lung tumors involving chest wall were excluded from the study. Record of these patients including age, gender, histopathological type, reconstruction method used, postoperative complications, mortality and recurrence were noted. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics.

Results: The study included 86 patients with 61 (70.9%) males and 25 (29.1%) females; age ranging from 18 to 77 years with mean age of 47.84 ± 12.9 years. Palpable mass was the most common symptom occurring in 61 (70.9%) patients. Twenty-one (24.4%) had breast tumor with chest wall invasion. In the remaining cases, most common histological type was chondrosarcoma occurring in 13 (15.1%) patients, followed by Ewing sarcoma in 12 (14%) patients. The most common complication was post-thoracotomy neuralgia (PTN), occurring in 25 (29.1%) patients.

Conclusion: Malignant tumors of the chest wall are rare entity which can be effectively treated with chest wall resection, mesh reinforcement for stabilisation and muscle flaps for reconstruction with acceptable postoperative complications, morbidity and mortality. Key Words: Primary, Malignant, Chest wall, Tumors, Chest wall reconstruction, Stability of chest wall.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Flaps
  • Surgical Mesh
  • Thoracic Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Thoracic Wall* / surgery
  • Young Adult