Molecular characterization of mouse CREB3 regulatory factor in Neuro2a cells

Mol Biol Rep. 2021 Jul;48(7):5411-5420. doi: 10.1007/s11033-021-06543-2. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Abstract

We performed expression and functional analysis of mouse CREB3 regulatory factor (CREBRF) in Neuro2a cells by constructing several expression vectors. Overexpressed full-length (FL) CREBRF protein was stabilized by MG132; however, the intrinsic CREBRF expression in Neuro2a cells was negligible under all conditions. On the other hand, N- or C-terminal deletion of CREBRF influenced its stability. Cotransfection of CREBRF together with GAL4-tagged FL CREB3 increased luciferase reporter activity, and only the N-terminal region of CREBRF was sufficient to potentiate luciferase activity. Furthermore, this positive effect of CREBRF was also observed in cells expressing GAL4-tagged cleaved CREB3, although CREBRF hardly influenced the protein stability of NanoLuc-tagged cleaved CREB3 or intracellular localization of EGFP-tagged one. In conclusion, this study suggests that CREBRF, a quite unstable proteasome substrate, positively regulates the CREB3 pathway, which is distinct from the canonical ER stress pathway in Neuro2a cells.

Keywords: Brefeldin A; CREB3; CREBRF; GAL4/UAS system.