Cemented Vs Cementless Femoral Fixation for Total Hip Arthroplasty After Displaced Femoral Neck Fracture: A Nationwide Analysis of Short-Term Complications and Readmission Rates

J Arthroplasty. 2021 Nov;36(11):3667-3675.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2021.06.029. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Abstract

Background: Active patients with displaced femoral neck fractures are often treated with total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, optimal femoral fixation in these patients is controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare early complication and readmission rates in patients with hip fracture treated with THA receiving cemented vs cementless femoral fixation.

Methods: The National Readmissions Database was queried to identify patients undergoing primary THA for femoral neck fracture from 2016 to 2017. Postoperative complications and unplanned readmissions at 30, 90, and 180 days were compared between patients treated with cemented and cementless THA. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to compare differences between groups and account for confounding variables.

Results: Of 17,491 patients identified, 4427 (25.3%) received cemented femoral fixation and 13,064 (74.7%) cementless. The cemented group was significantly older (77.2 vs 71.1, P < .001), had more comorbidities (Charlson comorbidity index: 4.44 vs 3.92, P < .001), and had a greater proportion of women (70.5% vs 65.2%, P < .001) compared with the cementless group. On multivariate analysis, cemented fixation was associated with reduced rates of periprosthetic fracture (odds ratio: 0.052, 95% confidence interval: 0.003-0.247, P = .004) at 30 days but similar readmission rates at 30, 90, and 180 days (odds ratio range: 1.012-1.114, P > .05) postoperatively compared with cementless fixation. Cemented fixation was associated with greater odds of medical complications at 180 days postoperatively (odds ratio:: 1.393, 95% confidence interval: 1.042-1.862, P = .025).

Conclusion: Cemented femoral fixation was associated with a lower short-term incidence of periprosthetic fractures, higher incidence of medical complications, and equivalent unplanned readmission rates within 180 days postoperatively compared with cementless fixation in patients undergoing THA for femoral neck fracture.

Level of evidence: Level III.

Keywords: THA; cemented; cementless; complications; fracture.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / adverse effects
  • Bone Cements
  • Female
  • Femoral Neck Fractures* / epidemiology
  • Femoral Neck Fractures* / surgery
  • Hip Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Patient Readmission
  • Reoperation
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Bone Cements