Haematohidrosis in a 12-year-old boy: blood, sweat and tears

Paediatr Int Child Health. 2021 Jul 19;1-3. doi: 10.1080/20469047.2021.1951555. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

A 12-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of episodes of spontaneous bleeding from multiple sites lasting for a few minutes. His medical history was unremarkable and all the episodes of bleeding began after he was separated from his aunt to whom he was very much attached. She had moved out of their home following her marriage. All haematological investigations were normal. He was diagnosed with haematohidrosis secondary to adjustment disorder, and behavioural therapy was advised and propranolol prescribed. At present he is asymptomatic and on regular follow-up.Explanations of terms used in the text: Adjustment disorder: maladaptive response to a psychosocial stressor in an individual with significant difficulty coping with a stressful psychosocial event; anxiolytics: medication that reduces anxiety; chromohydrosis: secretion of coloured sweat; haematochezia: passage of fresh blood through the anus, usually in or with stools; haematohidrosis: sweating blood; oto-erythrosis: spontaneous bleeding from the ear; otorrhagia: haemorrhage from the ear; vicarious menstruation: cyclical bleeding outside the uterine cavity during the menstrual cycle.

Keywords: Haematohidrosis; bloody tears; chromhidrosis; sweat.