Pan2-Pan3 complex, together with Ccr4-Not complex, has a role in the cell growth on non-fermentable carbon sources

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2021 Sep 17:570:125-130. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2021.07.007. Epub 2021 Jul 16.


There are two major deadenylase complexes, Ccr4-Not and Pan2-Pan3, which shorten the 3' poly(A) tail of mRNA and are conserved from yeast to human. We have previously shown that the Ccr4-mediated deadenylation plays the important role in gene expression regulation in the yeast stationary phase cell. In order to further understand the role of deadenylases in different growth condition, in this study we investigated the effect of deletion of both deadenylases on the cell in non-fermentable carbon containing media. We found that both ccr4Δ and ccr4Δ pan2Δ mutants showed similar growth defect in YPD media: when switched to media containing non-fermentable source (Glycerol-Lactate) only the ccr4Δ grew while the ccr4Δ pan2Δ did not. Ccr4, Pan2, and Pan3 were phosphorylated in GlyLac medium, suggesting that the activities of Ccr4, Pan2, and Pan3 may be regulated by phosphorylation in response to change of carbon sources. To get insights how Ccr4 and Pan2 function in the cell growth in media containing non-fermentable source only, we isolated multicopy suppressors for the growth defect on YPGlyLac media of the ccr4Δ pan2Δ mutant and identified two genes, STM1 and REX2, which encode a ribosome-associated protein and a 3'-5' RNA exonuclease, respectively. Our results suggest that the Pan2-Pan3 complex, together with the Ccr4-Not complex, has important roles in the growth on non-fermentable carbon sources.

Keywords: Ccr4-not; Deadenylase; Non-fermentable carbon source; Pan2-Pan3; Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carbon / pharmacology*
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Culture Media
  • Fermentation*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal / drug effects
  • Gluconeogenesis / drug effects
  • Gluconeogenesis / genetics
  • Mitochondria / drug effects
  • Mitochondria / genetics
  • Multiprotein Complexes / metabolism*
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / drug effects
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*


  • Culture Media
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Carbon