Remote Work, Work Stress, and Work-Life during Pandemic Times: A Latin America Situation

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jul 2;18(13):7069. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18137069.


The COVID-19 pandemic affected the relationship between work and life almost everywhere on the planet. Suddenly, remote work became the mainstream way of working for millions of workers. In this context, we explore how the relationship between remote work, work stress, and work-life developed during pandemic times in a Latin America context. In a sample of 1285 responses collected between April and May 2020, through a PLS-SEM model, we found that remote work in pandemic times increased perceived stress (β = 0.269; p < 0.01), reduced work-life balance (β = -0.225; p < 0.01) and work satisfaction (β = -0.190; p < 0.01), and increased productivity (β = 0.120; p < 0.01) and engagement (β = 0.120; p < 0.01). We also found a partial moderating effect, competitive and complementary, of perceived stress, and one significant gender difference: when working remotely, perceived stress affects men's productivity more acutely than women's productivity.

Keywords: COVID-19; Latin America; perceived stress; remote work; work–life.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Latin America / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Pandemics*
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Work-Life Balance