Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been confirmed to be relevant to the 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance of breast cancer. Nevertheless, how and whether circRNA F-box and leucine-rich repeat protein 5 (circFBXL5) regulates the 5-FU resistance of breast cancer is uncertain. This study aims to explore the function and mechanism of circFBXL5 in the 5-FU resistance of breast cancer.
Methods: Thirty nine paired breast cancer and normal tissues were harvested. circFBXL5, microRNA-216b (miR-216b) and high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) abundances were examined via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Cell viability, 5-FU resistance, migration, invasion, and apoptosis were tested via cell counting kit-8 assay, wound healing analysis, transwell analysis, and flow cytometry. The relationship of miR-216b and circFBXL5 or HMGA2 was tested via dual-luciferase reporter analysis and RNA pull-down assay. The impact of circFBXL5 on breast cancer tumor growth in vivo was analyzed via xenograft model.
Results: circFBXL5 was highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cells, and was more upregulated in 5-FU-resistant breast cancer cells. Function experiments showed that circFBXL5 knockdown inhibited the 5-FU resistance of breast cancer by inhibiting cell migration, invasion and promoting apoptosis. In the terms of mechanism, miR-216b could be sponged by circFBXL5, and its inhibitor could also reverse the influence of circFBXL5 silencing on the 5-FU resistance of breast cancer cells. In addition, HMGA2 was a target of miR-216b, and its overexpression also reversed the regulation of miR-216b overexpression on the 5-FU resistance of breast cancer. Furthermore, circFBXL5 interference declined breast cancer tumor growth in xenograft model.
Conclusion: Our data showed that circFBXL5 could promote the 5-FU resistance of breast cancer by regulating miR-216b/HMGA2 axis.
Keywords: 5-Fluorouracil; Breast cancer; HMGA2; circFBXL5; miR-216b.
© 2021. The Author(s).