Diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy using non-ECG-gated 15 O-water PET

J Nucl Cardiol. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.1007/s12350-021-02734-3. Online ahead of print.


Aim: To develop a method for diagnosing left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy from cardiac perfusion 15O-water positron emission tomography (PET).

Methods: We retrospectively pooled data from 139 subjects in four research cohorts. LV remodeling patterns ranged from normal to severe eccentric and concentric hypertrophy. 15O-water PET scans (n = 197) were performed with three different PET devices. A low-end scanner (66 scans) was used for method development, and remaining scans with newer devices for a blinded evaluation. Dynamic data were converted into parametric images of perfusable tissue fraction for semi-automatic delineation of the LV wall and calculation of LV mass (LVM) and septal wall thickness (WT). LVM and WT from PET were compared to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR, n = 47) and WT to 2D-echocardiography (2DE, n = 36). PET accuracy was tested using linear regression, Bland-Altman plots, and ROC curves. Observer reproducibility were evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients.

Results: High correlations were found in the blinded analyses (r ≥ 0.87, P < 0.0001 for all). AUC for detecting increased LVM and WT (> 12 mm and > 15 mm) was ≥ 0.95 (P < 0.0001 for all). Reproducibility was excellent (ICC ≥ 0.93, P < 0.0001).

Conclusion: 15O-water PET might detect LV hypertrophy with high accuracy and precision.

Keywords: 15O-water; Cardiac remodeling; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Positron emission tomography; Wall thickness.