The General Factors of Personality Disorder, Psychopathology, and Personality

J Pers Disord. 2022 Apr;36(2):129-156. doi: 10.1521/pedi_2021_35_530. Epub 2021 Jul 21.


There is considerable interest in the study of the general factors of personality disorder (g-PD), psychopathology (p factor), and personality (GFP). One prominent interpretation of the g-PD is that it is defined by the self-interpersonal impairments of Criterion A of the DSM-5 Section III. However, no study has directly tested this hypothesis as no prior g-PD study has included a measure of Criterion A. The current study provides a direct test of this hypothesis, along with comparing g-PD with the general factors of psychopathology and personality. Also extracted was a common general factor across all three domains. Suggested herein is that the g-PD, the p factor, and the GFP reflect the impairments (e.g., social and occupational dysfunction) that are secondary to the traits and disorders rather than the traits and/or disorders themselves.

Keywords: general factor; personality; personality disorder; psychopathology.

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Humans
  • Personality Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Personality Inventory
  • Personality*
  • Psychopathology