Does the Timing of Radiosurgery after Grade 1 Meningioma Resection Affect Long-Term Outcomes?

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2021 Jul 21;1-6. doi: 10.1159/000517427. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: Meningiomas are the most common benign intracranial tumors. Gamma Knife® stereotactic radiosurgery (GKSRS) has become a preferred management for recurrent or residual meningiomas. This study focuses on the relationship between tumor control and the time interval between resection of a World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1 meningioma and GKSRS.

Methods: This single institution retrospective analysis reviewed our experience in 238 patients who underwent GKSRS after a pathologically confirmed WHO grade 1 meningioma resection. The median follow-up was 7.4 years. The median aggregate tumor volume at GKSRS was 6 cm3 and a median margin dose of 13 Gy was utilized. Neurological symptoms were evident in 60% of patients at the time of procedure.

Results: Overall actuarial tumor control rates achieved were 91.3% at 5 years, 83.4% at 10 years, and 76% at 15 years. There were 35 patients (15%) who developed tumor progression within or directly adjacent to the GKSRS treatment field. The median time until progression was 6.3 years. The duration between surgical intervention and GKSRS did not show statistical significance at 3 months (p = 0.9), 6 months (p = 0.8), 12 months (p = 0.5), or 24 months (p = 0.9). Fifteen patients (6%) had tumor progression at an anatomically distinct location outside the GKSRS target volume. Neurological symptomatic improvement was more likely with early radiosurgery intervention (p = 0.007).

Conclusion: Postoperative GKSRS was associated with excellent long-term tumor control for WHO grade 1 meningiomas, regardless of the interval after initial surgery. In addition, earlier radiosurgery was associated with superior symptom improvement.

Keywords: Brain lesion; Gamma knife; Meningioma; Radiosurgery.