Craniofacial and occlusal features of individuals with Turner Syndrome: A cephalometric study

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2021 May-Jun;35(3 Suppl. 1):95-106. doi: 10.23812/21-3supp1-12.


Craniofacial features of 18 individuals with Turner Syndrome (TS) were compared with age and gender matched healthy individuals. Dental history, panoramic radiograph, dental casts and cephalometric measurements were assessed. The dental casts analysis showed a significantly higher PH/PW ratio in individuals with TS under GH therapy compared to healthy individuals (p=0.004; paired t-test). This data objectively supported the definition of a high-narrow palate. The ANB angle and the Wits index were similar in the two group, showing a skeletal class I malocclusion. The vertical characteristics did not differ between the two groups, showing a mesofacial growth pattern. Our results showed similar cephalometric characteristics in individuals with TS treated with GH and healthy controls.

Keywords: Turner Syndrome; occlusion.

MeSH terms

  • Bone and Bones
  • Cephalometry
  • Humans
  • Turner Syndrome* / diagnostic imaging