One major problem of chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) farming was various parasitic infections, especially Ascaridia galli that can cause the Ascaridiosis and is commonly found worldwide. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiological situation of gastrointestinal tract parasitic infections and to develop species-specific primer for A. galli detection. A total of 247 chicken gastrointestinal tract specimens from 5 fresh markets in Bangkok. The species-specific primers of A. galli were manually designed using the mitochondrial genome at the NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (MT-ND 4) gene. As a result, PCR assays were optimized for the specific PCR product approximately 198 bp with the optimal temperature of 51 °C. In addition, sensitivity tests provided the detection of adult and egg stages at the minimum concentrations of 156.3 ng and 2.8 ng (70 eggs), respectively. This research can be used as preliminary information regarding the epidemic situation of gastrointestinal tract infections in chickens and detection of A. galli infection in definitive hosts, which plans programs for the effective control and prevention of parasitic infections.
Keywords: Ascaridia galli; NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (MT-ND 4); Parasitic infections; Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
© Indian Society for Parasitology 2020.