In vitro antioxidant study of polyphenol from red seaweeds dichotomously branched gracilaria G racilaria edulis and robust sea moss Hypnea valentiae

Toxicol Rep. 2021 Jul 9:8:1404-1411. doi: 10.1016/j.toxrep.2021.07.006. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

In recent years, seaweeds drew the intense attention of the researchers owing their biological properties with their multi assorted applications to the humans. Red seaweeds are well-known for their biological activities due to enrichment of phenolic residues. The present investigation deals with the portrayal of biological behavior of red algae Gracilaria edulis and Hypnea valentiae. Polyphenol was extracted using methanol in a soxhlet extractor for 6 h. The crude polyphenol compound was partially purified in DEAE cellulose52 column. The total phenolic content present in the polyphenol compound was G. edulis (75.49 ± 0.12 %) and H. valentiae (70.08 ± 0.34 %). The phytochemicals present in the two seaweeds were flavonoids, saponins, tannins, phenolics, alkaloids and steroids. The antimicrobial activity of polyphenol compounds was assessed against seven human pathogens, five plant pathogens and three fungal pathogens. The free radical scavenging activity of polyphenol compound was assayed such as total antioxidant capacity, reducing power, hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity, DPPH, ABTS, hydroxyl-scavenging assay, superoxide anion radical scavenging and nitric oxide. Polyphenol compound was analyzed by FT-IR and GC-MS.

Keywords: ABTS; Antioxidant activity; DPPH; FT-IR; GC–MS; Gracilaria edulis; Hypnea valentiae; Polyphenol.