A sensitive, simple high-performance liquid chromatographic assay, capable of simultaneously measuring diazepam, its active metabolites oxazepam, temazepam and N-desmethyldiazepam and two phenyl hydroxylated metabolites, 4'-hydroxy-N-desmethyldiazepam and 4'-hydroxydiazepam, is described. The assay is easily modified to include separation of additional metabolite(s), e.g. oxazepam glucuronide(s). A thin-layer chromatographic assay, which resolves diazepam, the active metabolites and the two phenyl hydroxylated derivatives in one solvent system, is also reported. Application of these procedures to the quantitation of diazepam and its metabolites was shown, after delivery of diazepam (5 micrograms/ml or 16 microM) at a constant flow-rate (10 ml/min per liver) through the single-pass perfused rat liver preparation. Blood perfusion medium and bile were analysed for parent drug and metabolites before and after enzyme hydrolysis. These assay methods are found to be particularly pertinent and useful in providing a more comprehensive metabolic profile of diazepam metabolism, especially when aromatic hydroxylation pathways predominate.