Histone mimics: more tales to read

Biochem J. 2021 Jul 30;478(14):2789-2791. doi: 10.1042/BCJ20210357.


Post-translational modifications (PTMs) on histone proteins are known as epigenetic marks that demarcate the status of chromatin. These modifications are 'read' by specific reader proteins, which in turn recruit additional factors to modulate chromatin accessibility and the activity of the underlying DNA. Accumulating evidence suggests that these modifications are not restricted solely to histones, many non-histone proteins may function in a similar way through mimicking the histones. In this commentary, we briefly discuss a systematic study of the discovery of histone H3 N-terminal mimicry proteins (H3TMs), and their implications in chromatin regulation and drug discoveries.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatin / genetics
  • Chromatin / metabolism*
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA / metabolism*
  • Histones / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lysine / metabolism
  • Methylation
  • Models, Biological
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*


  • Chromatin
  • Histones
  • DNA
  • Lysine