Room-Temperature Chiral Light-Emitting Diode Based on Strained Monolayer Semiconductors

Adv Mater. 2021 Sep;33(36):e2100601. doi: 10.1002/adma.202100601. Epub 2021 Jul 24.


Room-temperature chiral light sources whose optical helicity can be electrically switched are one of the most important devices for future optical quantum information processing. The emerging valley degree of freedom in monolayer semiconductors allows generation of chiral luminescence via valley polarization. However, relevant valley-polarized light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have only been achieved at low temperatures (typically below 80 K). Here, a room-temperature chiral LED with strained transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers is realized. Spatially resolved polarization spectroscopy reveals that strain effects are crucial to yielding robust valley-polarized electroluminescence. The broken threefold rotational symmetry of strained monolayers induce inequivalent valley drifts at the K/K' valleys, resulting in different amounts of spin recombination driven by electric fields. Based on this scenario, ideally strained conditions are designed for LEDs on flexible substrates, in which the helicity of room-temperature valley-polarized electroluminescence is electrically tuned. The results provide a new pathway for practical chiral light sources based on monolayer semiconductors.

Keywords: chiral electroluminescence; electrolyte; light-emitting diode; strain effects; transition metal dichalcogenide.

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