Long-Term Outcomes and Risk Factors for Severe Vision Loss in Autosomal Dominant Neovascular Inflammatory Vitreoretinopathy (ADNIV)

Am J Ophthalmol. 2022 Jan;233:144-152. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2021.07.015. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Abstract

Autosomal dominant neovascular inflammatory vitreoretinopathy (ADNIV) is a rare disorder characterized by uveitis, retinal neovascularization, and retinal degeneration. We sought to describe the course of treated and untreated ADNIV and to identify risk factors for severe vision loss.

Design: Observational case series.

Methods: Clinical data from ADNIV patients from 4 families seen from 1967 through 2019 at a single academic, tertiary referral center were reviewed. The main outcome measures were visual acuity at baseline and follow-up, as well as risk factors for vision loss.

Results: A total of 130 eyes from 65 ADNIV patients (45 female, 20 male; mean age 40.8 years, range 6-77 years) were included. Mean best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at presentation was LogMAR 0.59 (about Snellen 20/80). Longitudinal analysis included 84 eyes from 42 patients (31 female, 11 male), with mean follow-up of 17.3 years (range 2-43.6 years). Mean BCVA at last follow-up was LogMAR 1.48 (about Snellen 20/600). The disease accelerated in the fifth decade of life, during which the majority of eyes went from normal vision or mild vision loss to at least moderate vision loss (20/70 Snellen equivalent); 25 eyes from 16 patients (29.8%;) showed a steep trajectory of vision loss to no light perception. Tractional retinal detachment was the greatest risk factor for severe vision loss (BCVA <20/200) on multivariable analysis (P < .05).

Conclusions: Patients with ADNIV have a high lifetime risk of severe vision loss. Tractional retinal detachment is an important risk factor for poor vision.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Vision Disorders / diagnosis
  • Vision, Low*
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative* / diagnosis
  • Young Adult