Factor Structure of the Barriers to Physical Activity Scale for Youth With Visual Impairments

Adapt Phys Activ Q. 2021 Jul 24;1-20. doi: 10.1123/apaq.2020-0243. Online ahead of print.


Youth with visual impairments (VIs) often experience unique barriers to physical activity compared with their sighted peers. A psychometrically sound scale for assessing barriers to physical activity for youth with VI is needed to facilitate research. The purpose of this study was to confirm the ability of the previously identified three-factor structure of the Physical Activity Barriers Questionnaire for youth with Visual Impairments (PABQ-VI) to produce scores considered to be valid and reliable that perform equally well across age, VI severity, and gender. Our results supported the three-factor structure and that the PABQ-VI produces scores considered valid and reliable. Mean, variance, and correlation differences were found in personal, social, and environmental barriers for age and VI severity, but not gender. Researchers can use the PABQ-VI to test and evaluate ways to reduce barriers for this population.

Keywords: PABQ-VI; blind; exercise; social cognitive theory; sport.