Application of Tunable Resistive Pulse Sensing for the Quantification of Submicron Particles in Pharmaceutical Monoclonal Antibody Preparations

J Pharm Sci. 2021 Nov;110(11):3541-3545. doi: 10.1016/j.xphs.2021.07.012. Epub 2021 Jul 22.


Tunable resistive pulse sensing (TRPS, qNano Gold, IZON Ltd.) was investigated as a method to quantify submicron particles (SMPs) between 0.1 and 1 µm in solutions of biopharmaceuticals. To reduce sample dilution, a spiking-in approach was used to add the appropriate amount of electrolytes required for the measurement. For correct particle quantification, an electrolyte concentration of at least 50 mM sodium chloride was needed. Intra- and inter-nanopore variability were below 5% for size and below 10% for concentration measurements when analyzing polystyrene standard beads. Submicron particle counts in a stir stressed IgG1 monoclonal antibody formulation resulted in a non-symmetrical, almost bell-shaped size distribution with a maximum at 250 nm when using a NP300 nanopore (IZON Ltd.). It was shown that particle counts are heavily underestimated below 250 nm, and therefore it is recommended to quantify particle counts by TRPS in samples with heterogeneous particle size distributions (e.g., biopharmaceuticals) only starting from the maximum of the histogram towards the upper limit of detection.

Keywords: Biopharmaceutical characterization; Monoclonal antibody(s); Particle size; Protein aggregation; Protein(s).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological*
  • Biological Products*
  • Particle Size
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
  • Biological Products
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations