Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis: Presentation and Management

J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2021 Jul 25;1-8. doi: 10.1080/14764172.2021.1957116. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) is a benign, typically asymptomatic, acquired leukoderma characteristically affecting mature individuals. Although the etiopathogenesis is unclear, chronic sun exposure and senile degeneration are important triggers. Researchers have been engaged in a continuous effort to unveil the gray areas encompassing different aspects of IGH pathogenesis. IGH is a clinical diagnosis; however, histopathology and dermoscopy may aid in quetionable cases. Patients often seek cosmetic treatment. There has been no standard therapy for this condition. Newer treatment modalities range from topical agents to procedure-based therapies and have enhanced the therapeutic armamentarium. Here we discuss the pathogenesis, presentation, and management of IGH.

Keywords: Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis; etiology; management; treatment.