Marital Status and Gender Associated with Sleep Health among Hispanics/Latinos in the US: Results from HCHS/SOL and Sueño Ancillary Studies

Behav Sleep Med. 2022 Sep-Oct;20(5):531-542. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2021.1953499. Epub 2021 Jul 24.


Poor sleep and different patterns of marital status among Hispanics/Latinos have been documented, yet the extent to which marital status is associated with sleep health and the moderating role of gender in this association among Hispanics/Latinos is poorly understood.Demographic and sleep data were obtained from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL: n= 16,415), an epidemiological cohort study, and the Sueño Study (n= 2,252) that is an ancillary to HCHS/SOL. Sleep duration, insomnia symptoms, daytime sleepiness, napping, and snoring were self-reported and drawn from HCHS/SOL. Sleep efficiency, sleep fragmentation, and inter-day stability were objectively assessed in the Sueño Study.Complex sample analyses indicated that being married or cohabiting was associated with better sleep health in general, including having normal sleep duration, fewer insomnia symptoms, and higher sleep efficiency (F> 2.804, p< .044). These associations were more prominent in objectively measured sleep indices and among females.Findings suggest being in a committed relationship associated with better sleep health in Hispanics/Latinos in the US, a diverse and under-represented population. Findings may have implications for tailoring sleep health interventions to at-risk populations who may less likely to be in a committed relationship.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Marital Status
  • Prevalence
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders* / epidemiology