Camrelizumab plus oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for advanced biliary tract cancer: A multicenter, phase 2 trial

Int J Cancer. 2021 Dec 1;149(11):1944-1954. doi: 10.1002/ijc.33751. Epub 2021 Sep 8.


Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a highly malignant tumor with limited treatment options and poor prognosis. Our study aimed to evaluate camrelizumab plus oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for advanced BTC. In this multicenter, open-label, phase 2 trial conducted in China (, NCT03092895), untreated patients with advanced BTC were given camrelizumab (3 mg/kg iv drip injection, every 2 weeks) plus typical FOLFOX4 (Cam-FOLFOX4 group; infusional 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin) or GEMOX (Cam-GEMOX group; infusional gemcitabine and oxaliplatin). The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). Ninety-two patients were enrolled: 29 received Cam-FOLFOX4 and 63 received Cam-GEMOX. The confirmed ORR and disease control rate were 16.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 9.4-25.5) and 75.0% (95% CI = 64.9-83.4), respectively. Median duration of response was 8.7 months (95% CI = 5.1-not reached). Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 5.3 months (95% CI = 3.7-5.7) and 12.4 months (95% CI = 8.9-16.1), respectively. Grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) occurred in 82.8% of patients receiving Cam-FOLFOX4 and in 68.3% receiving Cam-GEMOX, with no unexpected effects observed. Six (6.5%) patients discontinued treatment due to TRAE. Camrelizumab plus FOLFOX4 or GEMOX as first-line treatment was effective and tolerable for Chinese patients with advanced BTC, warranting phase 3 trials.

Keywords: biliary tract cancer; camrelizumab; combination therapy; efficacy; safety; systemic chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized / therapeutic use*
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Biliary Tract Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Biliary Tract Neoplasms / pathology
  • China
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxaliplatin / adverse effects
  • Oxaliplatin / therapeutic use*
  • Progression-Free Survival
  • Safety
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Oxaliplatin
  • camrelizumab

Associated data