Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a highly malignant tumor with limited treatment options and poor prognosis. Our study aimed to evaluate camrelizumab plus oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy for advanced BTC. In this multicenter, open-label, phase 2 trial conducted in China (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03092895), untreated patients with advanced BTC were given camrelizumab (3 mg/kg iv drip injection, every 2 weeks) plus typical FOLFOX4 (Cam-FOLFOX4 group; infusional 5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and oxaliplatin) or GEMOX (Cam-GEMOX group; infusional gemcitabine and oxaliplatin). The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). Ninety-two patients were enrolled: 29 received Cam-FOLFOX4 and 63 received Cam-GEMOX. The confirmed ORR and disease control rate were 16.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 9.4-25.5) and 75.0% (95% CI = 64.9-83.4), respectively. Median duration of response was 8.7 months (95% CI = 5.1-not reached). Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 5.3 months (95% CI = 3.7-5.7) and 12.4 months (95% CI = 8.9-16.1), respectively. Grade ≥3 treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) occurred in 82.8% of patients receiving Cam-FOLFOX4 and in 68.3% receiving Cam-GEMOX, with no unexpected effects observed. Six (6.5%) patients discontinued treatment due to TRAE. Camrelizumab plus FOLFOX4 or GEMOX as first-line treatment was effective and tolerable for Chinese patients with advanced BTC, warranting phase 3 trials.
Keywords: biliary tract cancer; camrelizumab; combination therapy; efficacy; safety; systemic chemotherapy.
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