Myogenetic oligodeoxynucleotide complexed with berberine promotes differentiation of chicken myoblasts

Anim Sci J. 2021 Dec;92(1):e13597. doi: 10.1111/asj.13597.


Myoblasts are myogenic precursors that develop into myotubes during muscle formation. Improving efficiency of myoblast differentiation is important for advancing meat production by domestic animals. We recently identified novel oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) termed myogenetic ODNs (myoDNs) that promote the differentiation of mammalian myoblasts. An isoquinoline alkaloid, berberine, forms a complex with one of the myoDNs, iSN04, and enhances its activities. This study investigated the effects of myoDNs on chicken myoblasts to elucidate their species-specific actions. Seven myoDNs (iSN01-iSN07) were found to facilitate the differentiation of chicken myoblasts into myosin heavy chain (MHC)-positive myotubes. The iSN04-berberine complex exhibited a higher myogenetic activity than iSN04 alone, which was shown to enhance the differentiation of myoblasts into myotubes and the upregulation of myogenic gene expression (MyoD, myogenin, MHC, and myomaker). These data indicate that myoDNs promoting chicken myoblast differentiation may be used as potential feed additives in broiler diets.

Keywords: berberine; chicken; myoblast; myogenetic oligodeoxynucleotide (myoDN); myogenic differentiation.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Berberine* / pharmacology
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chickens* / genetics
  • Muscle Development
  • MyoD Protein / genetics
  • Myoblasts
  • Myogenin / genetics
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / genetics
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides


  • MyoD Protein
  • Myogenin
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Berberine
  • Myosin Heavy Chains